Top 66 Scrum Master Interview Questions and Answers (2022)

We have over fifty Scrum Master interview questions and their answers that should help you answer questions with ease. This guide has everything you need to know about the Scrum master, in the format of questions that could be potentially asked to you in an interview.

Top 50 Scrum Master Interview Questions and Answers

Scrum Master Interview Questions and Answers

1. What distinguishes agile testing (development) methodology from another testing (development) methodologies?

The testers (developers) guarantee that the whole testing (development) process is broken down into as many little stages as feasible, with just a small unit of code tested (produced) in each of these phases.

Based on the findings of agile testing, the testers’ (developers’) team regularly communicates the outcomes of their work and adjusts the short-term strategy and even the development plan on the fly.

The agile technique promotes a flexible and quick response to change, which should result in superior final outcomes.

2. What distinguishes scrum from waterfall?

The main distinctions are as follows:

  • In Scrum, client input is obtained earlier than in waterfall, where customer feedback is received at the conclusion of the development cycle.
  • It is simpler to accept new or changing requirements in the scrum than it is in the waterfall.
  • Scrum emphasizes collaborative development over a waterfall, which divides the whole development cycle into segments.
  • At any point in time, we may undo the modifications made in scrum rather than waterfall.
  • In contrast to scrum, a test is considered a phase in a waterfall.

3. What distinguishes scrum from the iterative model?

A scrum is merely an iterative approach, but it is an iterative + incremental model.

4. Are you familiar with any other agile methodologies besides Scrum?

Kanban, XP, and Lean are some more Agile approaches.

5. What ceremonies do you do in a scrum?

In Scrum, three big ceremonies are held:

  1. Planning Meeting — A meeting in which the whole scrum team, as well as the scrum master and product owner, review each item from the product backlog that can be worked on during the sprint. When a story is estimated and fully understood by the team, it is added to the Sprint Backlog.
  2. Review Meeting – This is where the scrum team shows the stakeholders their work.
  3. Sprint Retrospective — A meeting in which the scrum teams, along with the scrum master and product owner, review the last sprint they worked on. They mostly cover three topics:
  • What worked well?
  • What might be improved?
  • Items for Action

6. Are you familiar with Scrum’s Three Amigos?

The three Amigos are as follows:

  • Product Owner
  • Scrum Master
  • Scrum Team.

7. What do you believe the optimal size of a Scrum team should be?

The recommended size is 7 to 9 with a +/- 2 margin of error.

8. What are daily stand-up meetings?

The team meets every day at the same time and location (in front of the task board) to deliver updates on their work and tickets resolved for the day. This meeting addresses the three SCRUM questions stated below.

  • What have you done since our previous meeting?
  • What do you want to finish by the next meeting?
  • What is impeding your progress?

9. What is the term for a scrum process’s “time Boxing”?

It’s known as “Sprint.”

10. What exactly is a Release candidate?

A release candidate is a software build or version that is ready for production. This version of the product may also be subjected to further testing, such as UAT.

11. What are the most significant Agile components?

The following are the essential characteristics of agile:

  • Meetings on a daily basis.
  • Timed task boards with CRC (Class Responsibilities and Collaborators) cards.
  • TDD (Test Driven Development), Continuous Integration, frequent code reviews, pair programming, automated builds, continuous deployment and delivery, and other techniques are used.
  • Iteration planning meetings are held, and iterative development is carried out.

12. What project management tools are utilized in agile?

Agile has spawned a new generation of project management software, such as Rally Software, Version One and XPlanner, EasyBacklog, iceScrum, Agilefant, and Agilo. These tools bore little similarity to waterfall project management solutions such as MS-Project or Clarity.

13. Difference between Scrum and kanban.

13. Difference between Scrum and kanban.

14. What is the distinction between a Sprint and an Iteration in Scrum?

Iteration: It is a phrase used to describe a single development cycle in agile approaches in general. It is a phrase that is frequently used in iterative and incremental development processes.

Sprint: It is used to designate one development cycle or iteration phase in Scrum, a particular agile process. Sprints are unique to scrum, and not all iterations are Sprints.

15. How can you tell whether Agile is working in your team or organization?

There are few clues.

  • Increasing team velocity and continual improvement
  • An improvement in software quality (less technical debt, fewer bugs, and generally better maintainability).
  • Increased stakeholder engagement in agile meetings, such as during the sprint demo.
  • Working software is routinely given (weeks rather than months).

16. In agile, how can a study Board be defined?

A Story Board is a visual depiction of the progress of a software project. In general, there are four columns: ‘To do,’ ‘In Progress,’ ‘Test,’ and ‘Done.’ Each column contains a different colored post with remarks detailing the status of particular development issues. In agile development, a storyboard is commonly utilized.

17. How much time should a Scrum Master anticipate devoting to his or her responsibilities?

A Scrum Master should prioritize this job in order to focus on the broader team’s advantages. Their workload will change from sprint to sprint based on the team’s barriers and difficulties.

Newly created teams often require greater Scrum Master time, ranging from 50% to 100%, whereas experienced Scrum Masters with established well-functioning teams may spend 50% or less time on the Scrum Master position.

18. Why is Scrum development less dangerous than waterfall development?

The emphasis in Scrum is on providing fully-tested, autonomous, value small features. As a result, the risk is spread out, and if one feature fails, it should not affect another.

19. What should the optimal sprint duration be?

A sprint cycle of 2 – 4 weeks is advised.

20. How do requirements in a scrum become defined?

In Scrum, requirements are referred to as “User Stories.”

21. What are two methods for prioritizing user stories?

  • The Moscow
  • 100-Point Method

22. What exactly is a Scrum Sprint?

  • In scrum methodology, a Scrum Sprint is a regular, repeating work cycle in which work is finished and available for review. Scrum sprints are the core development units in the scrum methodology. Scrum sprints are often less than 30 days long.
  • Sprints include and are comprised of Sprint Planning, Daily Scrums, development work, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective.
  • There are no adjustments made that would jeopardize the Sprint Goal.
  • Quality objectives are not reduced, and the scope may be defined and renegotiated between the Product Owner and Development Team as additional information becomes available.

23. What is the distinction between Epics, User Stories, and Tasks?

An epic is a collection of connected user tales.

The real business need is defined through User Stories. Typically developed by the company’s owner.

Task: The development team creates tasks in order to meet the business needs.

24. How is sprint velocity measured?

When capacity is expressed as a percentage of 40 hours per week, then completed

= narrative points * team size

Completed narrative points/team capacity if capacity is measured in man-hours.

25. How do you define a user story?

The user stories are defined in the format of

As a <User / type of user>

I want to <action / feature to implement>

So that < objective>

26. What is the difference between a Scrum Master and a Product Owner?

  • Scrum Master – Serves as the scrum team’s servant leader. He oversees all scrum ceremonies and trains the team on how to comprehend and apply scrum ideals and principles.
  • A scrum team’s point of contact is the product owner. He or she is the one who works the most closely with the company. A product owner’s primary task is to discover and revise product backlog items.

27. What exactly is a product backlog in Scrum?

Before the scrum sprint begins, the product owner prioritizes the list of all new features, change requests, improvements, and bug reports. If the project is new, it contains new features that the new system must have—this list of items is known as the Product Backlog. Sprint Backlog refers to the items that are maintained on sprint.

28. What is Velocity in Agile?

Velocity is a statistic that is computed by adding all effort estimates for user stories completed in a single iteration. It forecasts how much work Agile can finish in a sprint and how long a project will take to complete.

29. What exactly is a scrum burndown chart?

A scrum burndown chart should have the following elements:

  1. The X-axis represents the number of working days.
  2. Y-axis displaying remaining effort
  3. As a guideline, ideal effort
  4. The actual advancement in the effort.

30. Is maximal velocity synonymous with maximum productivity?

No, in an endeavor to maximize velocity, a team may achieve the inverse. When pushed to optimize velocity, a team may cut back on the unit or acceptance testing, limit customer collaboration, forego problem fixes, and reduce re-factoring.

While it may provide some short-term relief (if you can call it that), it will have a detrimental long-term consequence. The objective is not to increase velocity, but rather to achieve the best velocity over time, which takes into consideration a variety of parameters, including the end product’s quality.

31. How can we quantify velocity if the durations of our iterations change?

It’s difficult to quantify. The usefulness of Velocity stems from its inherent constancy. A set iteration length contributes to a project’s consistent rhythm. Without this routine, you’re continually rewriting, re-estimating, and reconciling, and your ability to forecast the future is hampered by inconsistent outcomes.

If, on the other hand, practically everyone is going to be gone for a week for the holidays or a couple of days for company-wide meetings, then adjust iteration dates or velocity accordingly. These are recommendations, not absolute rules, as are most agile practices.

32. What are the distinctions and similarities between Agile and Scrum?

The distinction between Agile and Scrum — Agile is a broad spectrum; it is a project management approach, whereas Scrum is simply a subset of Agile that outlines the process and its phases more clearly. Agile is a practice, whereas scrum is a method for carrying out that approach.

The parallels between Agile and Scrum — The Agile methodology entails finishing tasks in stages or progressively. The agile technique is said to be iterative in nature. Scrum is the same as Agile since it is a version of Agile. It is also iterative and gradual.

33. What exactly is increment? Explain.

This is one of the most often requested agile scrum interview questions, and a short solution may be provided. A sprint increment is the sum of all product backlog items accomplished throughout the sprint.

Because each increment is cumulative, it incorporates all of the preceding sprint increment values. It must be in the available mode in the next release since it is a necessary step toward your objective.

35. What exactly is a “build-breaker”?

A build-breaker is a circumstance that occurs when there is a software problem. The compilation process is halted, execution fails, or a warning is produced as a result of an unforeseen defect. The tester’s role is then to return the program to a normal operating state by deleting the problem.

36. What are your thoughts on the Scrum ban?

Scrum-ban is a software development approach that combines Scrum and Kanban.

This approach is designed for projects that require ongoing maintenance, have a variety of programming faults, or have some unexpected modifications.

This strategy encourages the completion of a project in the shortest possible period for a programming fault or user narrative.

37. Describe some Agile quality practices.

Some Agile quality techniques are as follows:

  • Iteration
  • Re-factoring
  • Analysis of dynamic code
  • Short feedback loops
  • Examinations and inspections
  • Guidelines and standards
  • Review of major achievements.

38. Do you know what the Agile Manifesto and its Principles are? Briefly explain.

This is the principle that most agile/scrum position aspirants should be aware of. As part of this question, four manifesto ideals and 12 principles should be articulated as thoroughly as feasible.

Even if it is not expressed completely accurately, it should be alright as long as the aims of values and principles are conveyed.

e.g.:

  • Working software should be presented on a regular basis.
  • Individuals and contact should be fostered, as should self-organization and self-motivation.
  • Collaboration with customers
  • Welcoming change at any stage in the project’s life cycle.

39. What are the benefits of using burn-up and burn-down charts?

The burn-up chart represents the amount of accomplished work in a project, whereas the burn-down chart depicts the amount of work still needed to finish a project. Thus, the burn-up and burn-down charts are used to track a project’s progress.

40. In Agile, define Zero Sprint and Spike.

To address this question, please provide a detailed description of Zero Sprint and Agile as follows –

  • Zero sprint – In Agile, the zero sprints is the preparation stage for the first sprint. There are various actions that must be completed prior to beginning the project. These tasks are referred to as the Zero sprint; examples include setting up the development environment, preparing backlogs, and so on.
  • Spike – Spike is a narrative that may be read in between sprints. Spikes are widely used for design or technical tasks such as research, design, prototyping, and exploration. Spikes are classified into two types: functional spikes and technical spikes.

41. What is the Scrum Master’s role?

The scrum master is the Scrum team’s leader and coach. The scrum master is responsible for serving and protecting his team from any distractions that may impair their performance.

The scrum master’s primary responsibility is to inspire his team to reach the sprint target. He is aiming to create a self-organized and motivated team, with each member being familiar with the use of Agile and Scrum concepts and applications.

The scrum master monitors the scrum team to ensure that they are carrying out their assigned responsibilities correctly. He is also in charge of increasing the efficiency and production of the company.

42. What function does Sashimi play in Scrum methodology?

The scrum approach relies heavily on sashimi. Sashimi is a Scrum approach for ensuring that all functions generated by developers have been completed.

Using this approach, all of the requirements employed in the creation of a product, such as analysis, design, coding, testing, and documentation, are checked, and only then is the product exhibited.

43. What do you mean when you say “agile testing”?

Agile testing is a software testing technique that is entirely based on agile software development concepts.

It is an iterative technique in which requirements are the result of cooperation between the product owner and the team.

The agile concepts and applications are used to achieve the client’s needs by completing the project successfully.

44. Describe some of the key ideas of Agile testing.

  • Customer gratification
  • Communication in person
  • Development that is sustainable
  • Changes must be responded to quickly.
  • Constant feedback
  • Consistent progress
  • Self-organized
  • Concentrate on the essentials
  • Node with no errors
  • Collaborative effort

45. Responsibilities of scrum master.

interview learning free management certification

46. Is it ever recommended that waterfall be used instead of Scrum? If so, please explain when.

Yes, the waterfall paradigm is sometimes recommended over Scrum. It is carried out when the client’s needs are basic, well-defined, completely understood, predictable, and not prone to change until the project is completed.

You may not have utilized waterfall over Scrum before, but you must prepare for such Agile Scrum interview questions.

47. Why does Scrum promote the use of automated testing in project management?

Scrum advocates the use of automated (automated performance or automated regression) testing in order to complete the project as quickly as feasible. You might discuss some tools you’ve used for automated testing when answering this question.

48. Is it ever recommended that waterfall be used instead of Scrum? If so, please explain when.

Yes, the waterfall paradigm is sometimes recommended over Scrum. It is carried out when the client’s needs are basic, well-defined, completely understood, predictable, and not prone to change until the project is completed.

You may not have utilized waterfall over Scrum before, but you must prepare for such Agile Scrum interview questions.

49. Why does Scrum promote the use of automated testing in project management?

Scrum advocates the use of automated (automated performance or automated regression) testing in order to complete the project as quickly as feasible. You might discuss some tools you’ve used for automated testing when answering this question.

50. What was the most difficult problem you had in your project when managing Scrum team members?

This inquiry is just intended to assess your experience. The better you describe your issues when working in agile, the better. The most common challenges encountered in the early phases of scrum include velocity stabilization, team member disagreements, adhering to time-boxing, and so on.

51. Have you ever eliminated barriers on behalf of a scrum team as a scrum master?

The scrum master, like a coach for his team, should motivate them to fulfill all assignments. He has the capacity to remove barriers on behalf of the scrum team, but he should not do so.

Overindulging or overruling the team is not recommended for a scrum master. The team may fail at times, and the scrum master should aid them. He should guide them to an acceptable solution to the problem.

The scrum master should help his team members become self-sufficient enough to deal with problems and make choices on their own.

52. What exactly is the distinction between a Sprint Planning Meeting and a Sprint Retrospective Meeting?

The following is the distinction between a Sprint Planning Meeting and a Sprint Retrospective Meeting:

Sprint Planning Meeting – A sprint planning meeting is a meeting in which all Scrum roles (product owner, scrum team, and scrum master) review the team’s priority features and product backlog items. This meeting is held once a week and lasts over an hour.

Sprint Retrospective Meeting – A sprint retrospective meeting is a meeting in which all Scrum roles (product owner, scrum team, and scrum master) examine the positive and negative parts of the sprint as well as sprint improvements. This meeting takes place at the sprint.

53. What distinguishes agile testing approach from other testing methodologies?

Agile scrum interview questions may contain a number of agile testing questions. Let’s look at how you can respond to such inquiries.

The agile testing technique entails dividing the whole testing process into numerous short code pieces. These code portions are tested at each stage. Agile testing approaches include a lot of extra procedures, such as team communication, strategic revisions for best outcomes, and many more.

54. Are you a Scrum Master certified?

This may appear to be a strange question, yet it is one of the most common Agile Scrum interview questions. If an interviewer asks this question, it does not imply that a certification is required for the job.

Simply be confident in your response, whether you have a scrum master certification or not. If you are a qualified scrum master, just submit the facts of your qualification, such as the certification test, score earned, and a year passed.

In the absence of qualification, discuss and emphasize your expertise in the relevant subject. Also, inform the interviewer if you intend to invest in the certification in the near future.

55. What exactly happens during a Scrum meeting?

At a scrum meeting,

During the Sprint, the team evaluates how much time they have to finish tasks.

  • The team selects the first item from the product backlog and divides it into tasks.
  • The team calculates how long a task will take.
  • If there is time left over at the end of the sprint, they will go to the next item in the product backlog. Determine which features are clear and estimate how many will be scoped during the sprint.

56. What exactly do the burn-down charts show?

Burn-down charts are used to track sprint status; they serve as an early warning signal and can be helpful in flagging “lack of progress.” They will also indicate any areas where they believe there is redundancy.

57. What is the purpose of hosting a Sprint retrospective meeting?

The goal of a Sprint Retrospective meeting is to inform team members on how things went during the sprint and to explore potential methods to enhance future sprints.

58. What is the distinction between a Sprint and an Iteration in Scrum?

Iteration: It is a phrase used to describe a single development cycle in agile approaches in general. It is a phrase that is frequently used in iterative and incremental development processes.

Sprint: It is used to designate one development cycle or iteration phase in Scrum, a particular agile process. Sprints are unique to scrum, and not all iterations are Sprints.

59. Explain What exactly is a narrative point in scrum?

The story is the name given to each feature in the scrum. A story point is an arbitrary statistic used by Scrum teams and an agile team to assess the complexity of implementing a certain narrative.

60. Explain when Scrum cannot be useful?

Ideally, scrum is useful to monitor work with 5 to 10 people, who are committed to achieving the sprint goal. It does not go well with huge groups or teams having more responsibilities. For the larger team, scrum can be applied by splitting the team into small groups and practicing Scrum. 

61. Role of scrum master.

Role of scrum master.

62. What kind of information would you require from the product owner to provide your team with an update on the product and market situation?

Any information is suitable to provide the team, with an understanding of why something is of value to customers. This may be of a quantitative nature, e.g. analytical data describing how a process is utilized. It also may be of a qualitative nature, such as transcripts, screencasts, or videos from a user testing session.

63. Your scrum team’s product owner will frequently add ideas of all types to the backlog in order to remember to work on them later. This has resulted in over 200 tickets at various levels. What are your thoughts on this? Is it possible for a scrum team to work on 200 tickets?

Any product backlog with a scope bigger than two or three sprints is unmanageable. Misusing a backlog by adding hundreds of items to it is a strong indication that the product owner needs team assistance in dealing with the inflow of ideas, proposals, and requirements — and avoiding resource misallocation. This is what the candidate should provide.

64. How much capacity do you think is sufficient for refactoring? Fixing critical flaws? Are you interested in new technology or ideas?

Setting aside the most important and urgent jobs (such as the website being down), the 15–10–5 strategy is a reasonable general rule of thumb: devote 15% of a team’s capacity to technical debt, 10% to bugs, and 5% to exploratory spikes.

When it comes to an individual sprint, you can, of course, stray from this. However, most software programs’ maintenance requirements may be met by maintaining these allocations.

65. How do you deal with a product owner that gives individual team members user stories or tasks?

Assigning tasks to specific team members do not function and should be discontinued. The scrum team is in charge of assigning user stories. If individual task assignment is likely, one of the Scrum Master’s top priorities should be to prevent them.

66. Do you expect experienced team members to wait until the next standup to ask for assistance in overcoming a stumbling block?

Most certainly not. Waiting for the next standup meeting slows down progress. When faced with an issue, if team members wait for the next standup before asking for assistance, the “team” is likely to be more of a group — and the scrum master has team-building work to do.

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