The quality of software solutions delivered to consumers determines the success of every software development company. The hard work of the QA team, which frequently tests and updates the software product to keep it up to date, is one of the most significant factors in ensuring the product’s quality. Automation testing best practices and appropriate test automation technologies can help a company achieve this, but what if your tests fail despite your best efforts? Automation testers make mistakes in their eagerness to do their best, which costs them time and money. It also raises questions about their competency and trustworthiness. It may sound like a nightmare for the company but breathe a relief because you can prevent these blunders.
Automation Testing Practices That Testers Need to Take a Break From
When executing various types of automation testing in the automation testing life cycle. Many novice testers and developers make automation testing blunders. It’s more vital to avoid some of the automation testing practices than it is to get the testing right. Many automation testing tools, automation frameworks, and some AI-based automation tools in the market claim to be a one-stop-shop for all automation testing issues. You can resolve the problem to some extent, but half of it remains, leaving behind the costly impact of the consequences.
Based on the repeated automation faults that have resulted in blunders over the years, here are some automation testing practices that testers should avoid to achieve better automation testing results.
1. Skipping the First Step
Top testers advise that we should address questions like, “Why do we need to automate that particular feature in the first place?” before developing a list of parts to automate and selecting top-notch tools to begin automating. What vulnerabilities will automation eliminate that haven’t been able to be tackled by our existing tests? As a result, it’s critical to establish the goals and expectations for each automation phase. Also, guarantee that each automation application solves a problem and helps to improve speed quality in a quantifiable way. As a result, the first and most essential automation testing mistake to avoid is skipping this stage.
2. Automating everything
Automation does not imply that everything needs to be automated. To put it another way, don’t automate the wrong things. Testers make this mistake by automating all existing testing processes line by line, such as automating all current regression tests word for word, which does not fix the real issue. Instead, it causes testers to waste time and effort on tasks that do not need automation. It’s not good to spend all of your time building frameworks and then to write scripts to automate them. The best solution is to automate the repeatable tests that testers need to run many times. Automating performance testing appears to be still relevant. Automation will not perform well if the code is continually changing. Hence, testers must avoid this automation testing practice to avoid other problems.
3. Select a Random Test Automation Tool
The decision to use a test automation technology should be well-considered. There isn’t a single automation tool that can solve all automation issues. Instead of choosing a tool before determining the problem, testers should identify the problem first. Avoiding this automation testing practice will save you a lot of trouble later. It’s preferable to pick a tool that answers your most pressing test automation issues.
There are several tools built for testers at various skill levels. Developer testers, technical testers, and business testers, for example, use different types of test automation tools based on their varying levels of technical skills. It is suggested that you select an automation tool that both programmers and non-coders can use. Given the budgetary limits, you may potentially upskill the existing testers.
Before spending your money blindly on buying a product, test free trials and run it through each development stage to determine whether it suits your needs.
4. Slow Test Execution
As software evolves, it becomes more complex. More codes created necessitate more complicated testing. Testers don’t want to waste time writing the same tests repeatedly. This way, testers can significantly reduce their time and effort, allowing them to focus on other vital tasks.
5. Creating Ambiguous Tests
Create tests that are simple to describe, read, and interpret so that even if you decide to revisit the tests after a long time, you won’t be confused about what you were thinking while writing the test, making things much easier for you as well as your team later on. Unreadable tests cause debugging problems as well. Spend less time reading the source code than writing it.
6. Combining Old Test Data
It would help if you kept modifying the former tests regularly so that new tests’ reliance on earlier ones does not affect the correctness of subsequent results. As a result, if possible, isolating the testing should be recommended. To ensure that any successive test uses the same data and is unaffected by external influences, it is advised that the application be reset to a fresh installation before testing. Second, use API queries to generate the data needed for tests and execute them independently, not necessarily in that order.
7. Having No Test Structure
The importance of having a well-organized test structure cannot be underestimated. Organizing your tests and developing an efficient test strategy will result in excellent code regardless of the programming language you pick.
Each test should begin with a definition of the various variables to be followed by a logical arrangement tested of the tasks. Begin testing based on those logical stages and keep track of your findings. All of these measures will ensure that automation testing stays on schedule.
8. Executing Selector-based Test
Choosing tests based on selectors that are likely to change in the future, such as CSS selectors, may result in a test failure. You’ll realize sooner or later that your test failed not because of a bug but because your test has gotten outdated. Choose significantly more stable selectors in this scenario, such as data attributes. It’s not good to test implementation details because you’ll get false positives and false negatives. (The test fails when you restructure the app, resulting in a false negative. Alternatively, the test could fail if you break the app code, resulting in a false positive.)
9. Adding Time Limits for Waiting
There’s a potential the test will fail if the execution time is shorter than the web application’s reaction time. Waiting too long can make the test inefficient and perhaps cause it to fail. So, waiting should be flexible, ie, waiting till the UI changes completely would not cut off the test.
10. Using Confusing Placeholder Names
Using placeholder names such as foobar, foo, and so on might cause confusion among teammates and make the tests difficult to recognize and understand. To make it easier for anyone reading the test to understand what the test is for, use placeholders or titles connected to the product.
11. Mixing Tests with Development
After a long day of coding and bug fixing, you finally get a clean test run, which only comes into play when something that worked yesterday no longer works today, ie, at the time of regression. There will be many failures if testing and development are not kept separate. The feedback loop from development to test should not be interrupted, but this combination might delay the feedback. This is an example of an automation practice that should be avoided.
Failure demand (a notion coined by British psychologist John Sheddon) creates an additional work burden on a system because it failed the first time around. Features that aren’t tested end up causing bugs, such as production log issues and so on. Failure demand may also arise when the features are not designed, keeping the user experience in mind. For instance, if too many features are added, users will become confused. Furthermore, as the number of communication linkages increases, it is more likely to result in misunderstandings and rework rather than solving the problems.
The goal is to reduce the failure demand by defining explicit automation strategies and ensuring that all team members (developer, tester, product owner, analyst) are on the same page. It also implies starting by creating examples at the story level instead of creating tests at the end. We might also call it acceptance test-driven development.
Adopting the automation best practices for testing is not the solution to every automation testing problem unless you learn which automation to practices avoid. There is no such thing as a perfect or successful testing strategy, but there are absolutely some that aren’t. It makes sense to assess the urgency of your automation needs and then implement the best automation testing practices for your setting. Choosing the right automated testing platform for repetitive processes would save the team time and effort. Concentrate on recognizing the subtle differences that can affect your application’s success rate.
Instead of dragging the process, increase the pace by focusing on speedier feedback loops. Learn how to choose which automated testing practices to avoid and minimize any test automation inefficiencies concerned with the product’s long-term success.